On summer days, shady corners in the garden often become a favorite resting place, where it is pleasant to sit, sheltered from the scorching sun's rays, and admire the picturesque picture of nature. But how to refine this corner and what to plant in a flowerbed in the shade? After all, not all plants are able to calmly tolerate the shade created by tree crowns. You can turn a shaded area into an exquisite flower garden or lush border with the help of shade-tolerant plants: bulbs, perennials and shrubs.
Selection of plants depending on the degree of shade
The shading of an area is determined by the duration and intensity of sunlight. The illumination of the zone, in turn, depends on the length of daylight hours, the height of the sun and the presence of trees, the crowns of which create shade.
When choosing shade-loving plants for a flower bed, it is necessary to focus on the degree of shade of the site and its soil composition
Plants in densely shaded areas
Shaded areas include areas that are illuminated by daylight for three hours, and have only limited illumination the rest of the time.
With sufficiently dense shading, created by the crowns of old spreading trees or the walls of the northern sides of the building, such plants are able to maintain decorativeness: European clefthoof, heart-leaved tiarka, Kupena and elecampane magnificent
The dense crown of the spruce also creates a dense shadow. Under its canopy, stonecrop or delicate arizema can comfortably settle down, the flowers of which outwardly resemble graceful glasses.
In conditions of dense shade, a special microclimate is created, which is characterized by high humidity of air and soil. Such conditions are favorable for the formation of a flower bed in the shade, which is based on astilbe, geranium, hellebore, volzhanka, and anemone.
If the geranium refuses to bloom, the situation can be corrected with the right care. Read about it: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/pochemu-ne-tsvetet-geran.html
On well-moistened soils, hosts rapidly grow, the species diversity of which is estimated at several thousand.
These amazing plants attract attention primarily by the beauty of their foliage with a rich palette of colors, starting with pale green and blue shades and ending with rich yellow with white splashes.
The center of the shade-loving flower bed can be unusually beautiful graceful ferns: the stately chitus, the ostrich and the male fern.
As for shade-loving conifers, they include decorative varieties of juniper, Canadian hemlock and common spruce.
You can learn how to choose a juniper variety and properly care for it from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/mozhzhevelnik-posadka-i-uxod.html
Arrangement of flower beds in an area with a light shade
A lighter shade is created by trees with an openwork crown: bird cherry, acacia, cherry, aspen, pine ... Some trees, such as birch and bird cherry, creating a diffused shadow, significantly dry the soil in the radius of the crown. This should be taken into account, since most shade-tolerant plants are moisture-loving by nature.
Dry shade is preferred by kupena broadleaf, periwinkle, mountain goat weed, forest anemone. In areas with dry shade, it is best to plant spring primrose, berry, comfrey, cereals.
In areas where the sun is from 3 to 5 hours a day, you can plant beautifully flowering lupins and daylilies
In semi-shaded areas, medicinal herbs feel comfortable: peppermint, pink radiola, tarragon, lemon balm. Not demanding on sunlight and: spring navel, lungwort, fragrant woodruff.
Since these areas receive more sunlight, the choice of plants to fill them is greatly expanded. To decorate a flower garden, you can use specific peonies: Maryin root, Caucasian, Wittmann.
Freesia also feels good on an area with a light shadow. You can learn how to grow this fragrant flower from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/freziya-posadka-i-vyrashhivanie-v-domashnix-usloviyax-i-otkrytom-grunte.html
Lilies of the valley, periwinkles, tenacious and violets, which also prefer to grow on sandy loam and sandy soils, will comfortably be located under the crown of a pine tree.
Shade-tolerant trees and shrubs include pea cypress, western thuja, Korean fir, Cossack juniper, as well as tree hydrangea, black elderberry and white turf. Among the vines for growing in the shade, the round-leaved woodworm and the actinidia kolomikta are well suited.
We determine the optimal composition of the soil
Many of them are attractive in terms of landscape design with the unusual shape of the leaf plates or the original shape of the bush. These plants include: pachisandra, hosta, ivy, periwinkle. The highlight of other shade-tolerant plants are colorful berries, for example, in a haulteria or cotoneaster.
But in order for the plants to show their beauty to the fullest, it is necessary to take care of the appropriate conditions for their cultivation. Dense clay soil is far from the best option for arranging a flower garden.
Shade-tolerant plants do not differ in bright beauty. Their main advantage is colorful foliage, which retains its decorative effect throughout the season.
Plants feel great on fertile, enriched with mineral and organic fertilizers, loose soil
If clay and loamy soils prevail on the site, their composition can be improved by introducing peat and sand. To enrich sandy soils, you can additionally add humus or fertile clay soil.
The material on how to care for the soil in the country may also be useful: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/ot-chego-zavisit-plodorodie-pochvy.html
Variations in the design of a flower garden in the shade
A characteristic feature of flower beds formed from shade-tolerant plants is a contrasting combination of leaf shapes and colors.
Therefore, when choosing plants for a flower garden, you should pay attention to the shape of their leaves, because with their help you can make a flower arrangement truly unique and original.
Shade-loving flower beds, like any plant compositions, are formed taking into account the principles of multi-tier, when the foreground is occupied by low-growing plants, and the middle and background are taller specimens and large-sized ones.
If the flowerbed is given a central place in a shaded area, then the tallest plants are placed in the middle of the composition, and as you move away from it, the growth of flowers decreases.
With this method of arrangement, the plants do not close each other, and the composition looks spectacular from all sides.
You can learn more about how to equip a flower garden under a tree from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/pristvolnye-krugi-derevev.html
You can add originality to the flower garden by alternating plants with foliage, decorated with horizontal and vertical lines. For example: a successful combination is created by garden geraniums or foxgloves planted nearby against the background of variegated rogers.
You can always fill in the empty spaces in the plant composition with the help of potted plants. It is convenient to rearrange containers with plants, changing compositions and achieving the desired effect.
We invite you to watch a video selection “everything about plants for shady places”:
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Groundcover shade-loving plants
These are low, well-growing plants that form a continuous ground cover. In shaded conditions, they can replace the grass lawn. They protect the soil from compaction, erosion, spraying. These plants are planted in tree-trunk circles as a backdrop for vibrant flower groups.
The ground cover can be loose (creeping tenacious, pubescent periwinkle, tuberous bladderwort and others) and denser (hoof, woodruff (bedstraw) fragrant, nettle-leaved umbilical, spring umbilical, apical pachisandra, tiara (tiarella) and others) heart-leaved.
Shade-loving clefthoof forms a dense cover
The decorativeness of the ground cover depends not only on its density, but also on the ornamentality of the leaves and the duration of their life. The most interesting are species with wintering leaves, which form a stably decorative ground cover (European hoof, caudate hoof, apical pachisandra, spring umbilical, creeping tenacious, mountain goat weed, thick-leaved incense, fragrant violet, small periwinkle, heart-leaved tiarka, stonecrop).
Periwinkle - a plant with wintering leaves
The nature of the created ground cover and its height are of great importance. A relatively high (20-30 cm) loose cover of ornamental leaves is formed by pachisandra, mountain goats, fragrant woodruff. The lower (10-20 cm) dense cover is formed by the European clefthoof, the spring umbilical. In some conditions, low (5-10 cm), closed covers of stonecrop, cordifolia tiara look good.
A relatively high loose cover of ornamental leaves forms a fragrant woodruff (bedstraw)
Ground cover plots are an excellent backdrop for bright flowering groups of tall Rogersia bushes, Hybrid astilba, peonies, goldenrod, broadleaf bellflower, daylilies. So, for example, fragrant woodruff is very interesting in planting in the foreground when hosts are placed in the background. Its bright green openwork foliage emphasizes the beauty of its large, heavy leaves.
In our market you can choose planting material for decorating shady areas of the garden, take a look at the selection of Shade-loving ground cover plants.
Thick, dense shadow
In an ordinary garden plot, such a shade occurs under the canopy of old, often planted apple trees, on the northern side of the bushes of irgi, hawthorn, and conifers. Many gardeners find it difficult to select plants to decorate areas on the north side of the house. In such difficult conditions, interesting flower gardens can also be created. The following plants will perfectly grow here: elecampane magnificent, kupena, uvularia, various trilliums, arizema, ground cover plants such as heart-leaved tiarka, sedum, European clefthoof.
The hellebore will decorate the shady flower garden in spring
On the north side of the building, on clay, well-moistened soils, a flower garden looks great, which includes:
- spring blooming plants - oak anemones, hellebores, snowdrops, woodlands
- blooming early summerkupen, dark geranium, ozhiki, arizem
- summer flowering plants - volzhanki, astilbe, hosts
- blooming in the fallblack cohosh.
Volzhanki bloom in summer
A border in such a place can be created from primroses, hosts, rusty sedge. From the vines, the arcuate wrestler is recommended here. Most ferns can be grown in conditions from deep shade to sunny places, but it is in the shade, on moist soils, that their leaves look healthier and fresher. Particularly beautiful in shaded, damp places are ostrich-opera thickets, groups of 2-3 male shrubs, and individual chitus bushes.
Hosts and ferns thrive in the shade
Plants for flower beds in dense shade
As a rule, the design of the corners of the garden, where the sun practically does not fall, causes the greatest difficulty for the gardener. Therefore, it is worth giving a specific list of plants for such flower beds. In the spring will be as decorative as possible in the foreground arizem, brunner, anemone, primroses, corydalis, glandular zubyanka. The middle plan will be composed of hellebores and common ostriches (ostrich singers), and in the background there will be good ochins and smelly symlocarpuses.
Black cohosh blooms in the second half of summer
In summer and in the fall a shady flower garden will be decorated with a low periwinkle, a hoof, a rust-spotted sedge, a sprouting stonecrop, a heart-leaved tiarka. The average level will be supported by astilbe, kupen, chitus, shititniks, geraniums and common ostrich singers. The background will be made up of such plants as magnificent elecampane, Volzhanka vulgaris, arcuate wrestler, black cohosh, various ochins.
Periwinkle grows very actively and forms a dense cover
The main rule that I adhered to when forming a flower bed: horizontal lines should be combined with vertical ones.
The highest point of the flower garden is the volatile mountaineer.
The territory on the right is occupied by the Fascination veronicastrum.
Closer to the edge (in front of the mountaineer) - astilbe "Superbac".
Flower garden illuminated from the west with viburnum, willows, wormwood and chrysanthemums
What to plant in a flower garden that is illuminated only from the west side?