HOW TO GROW AND CARE FOR OUR PLANTS
THE Clerodendrum are a group of wonderful plants that are becoming very popular in Italy for their beauty not only as plants but also for their incredible blooms.
Species: see the paragraph on "Main species"
The genre Clerodendrum of the family ofLamiaceae it includes numerous species of climbing plants originating from Asia and Africa, from the tropical and subtropical zones. In consideration of the fact that it is a genus with more than 400 species, there is a great morphological variety; in fact we find evergreen plants, others with deciduous leaves, some with shrubs and others with trees.
As general characteristics of the plant it should be noted that the leaves are mostly verticillate or opposite, with smooth or toothed margins and the flowers are mostly gathered in terminal panicle inflorescences with a tubular corolla. The fruit is a drupe.
They are plants that can be grown outdoors only in temperate climate areas, where temperatures do not drop below 13 ° C (with some rare exceptions).
The genre Clerodendrum includes about 400 species but only a few are suitable for being raised in the apartment:
The Clerodendrum thomsoniaand is an evergreen climbing plant native to tropical Africa, it is characterized by oval-oblong, glossy leaves.
The flowers are arranged in panicle inflorescences in the terminal part of the branches (or sometimes at the axil of the leaves), pendulous, characterized by a white calyx arranged to form four edges that become thinner as it approaches the apex where the corolla appears. bright red with very long stamens and pistils protruding from it.
Among the different species of the genus it is the most delicate in fact it is very demanding in terms of minimum temperature which must not fall below 15-16 ° C. It blooms throughout the summer and autumn.
Even the species Clerodendrum splendens it is native to West Africa, with slightly heart-shaped and rippled, about 15 cm long.
The flowers are gathered in panicle inflorescences and are first white in color and then gradually become yellow and finally red.The plant blooms throughout the summer.
The Clerodendrum bungei, another splendid specimen of the genus is native to Asia and in particular to China, with a shrubby habit and does not exceed 2.5 m in height.
The leaves are deciduous, large, not too intense green, heart-shaped, with slightly toothed edges and if rubbed they emit a not very pleasant scent.
The flowers, gathered in corymb inflorescences, are small, fragrant, starry, bright pink. It blooms during the summer.
Among the different species it is one of the few plants particularly resistant to low temperatures.
The Clerodendrum trichotomum it is a plant native to Japan, also known as "Japanese Clerodendron", it is characterized by a shrubby habit that tends to develop more in width rather than in height (in fact it does not exceed one and a half meters).
It has deciduous leaves, large, oval, opposite, smooth on the upper side and slightly hairy on the lower one with slightly toothed margins. If the leaves are rubbed they emit a characteristic odor.
The flowers are particular, very fragrant, small, with a white-gold-colored calyx with four very long stamens. The peculiarity are the fruits that are poisonous berries of blue-black color, spherical, which are surrounded by the calyx that takes on an intense red-fuchsia color.
The plant blooms and bears fruit in late summer and autumn.
In some countries, the leaves of this plant are eaten after boiling, and the berries are used as a dye.
Among the different species it is the one that best resists low winter temperatures as well as withstanding temperatures below zero (-10 -15 ° C).
CLERODENDRUM SPECIOSISSIMUM (CLERODENDRUM FALLAX)
The Clerodendrum speciosissimum it is a species native to the island of Java and is characterized by large, ovate leaves, smooth margins and with a slightly corrugated leaf blade covered with a light down. The flowers are gathered in panicle inflorescences, erect, of orange-red color with a tubular shaped corolla divided into lobes and with the stamens and the pistil that protrude. It is not very tolerant of the minimum temperatures which must not fall below 15-16 ° C. It blooms during the summer.
The only problem for the plants Clerodendrum are the minimum temperatures. In fact, they can easily rise to 30 ° C without creating damage to the plant but those in winter must not fall below 5-16 ° C, with the exception of the species C. bungei and C. trichotomum.
An important aspect in the cultivation of this plant is the fact that during the autumn-winter period it enters vegetative rest and not in a figurative sense, therefore all activities must be suspended or in any case significantly reduced.
They are plants that need a lot of light but not direct sun except for C. trichotomum that easily tolerates the summer sun. They are plants that amanol'air therefore ensure a good exchange.
During the whole growing period (spring - summer) you insure theClerodendrumabundant watering taking care not to leave stagnant water in the sub-pot as water stagnation is not tolerated.
Starting from autumn (October - mid-November) the watering for evergreen species is reduced, while for those with deciduous leaves they must be suspended completely.
They love humid environments so spray water generously to create a humid microclimate around the foliage.
TYPE OF SOIL - REPOT
The Clerodendrum it is repotted every year in spring. For this plant it is a rule: in fact you change the pot with a slightly larger one only if it has become too small to contain the roots, if not, repot the same, leaving the old pot but replacing the earth with fresh soil. .
Use a mixture formed by fertile soil, peat and land of leaves in equal parts to which a little coarse sand should be added which favors drainage as they are not tolerant plants towards water stagnation.
For plants that need to be placed outdoors it is preferable to plant them in early spring.
During the growth period of the plant (spring and summer), dilute a liquid fertilizer in the irrigation water, slightly decreasing the doses compared to what is reported in the package, every 2-3 weeks.
Fertilizations are suspended from the beginning of autumn (October) to resume them at the beginning of spring (March).
Get a fertilizer that in addition to having the so-called macroelements such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) also has microelements such as magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), copper ( Cu), zinc (Zn), boron (B), molybdenum (Mo), all essential for the growth of the plant.
The Clerodendrum it is a plant that blooms from spring.
In consideration of the fact that they are plants that grow a lot, it is necessary to proceed with a lightening of the crown. Only for plants growing outdoors it will be necessary to do a real pruning, cutting drastically to about 30-50 cm from the base.
Pruning takes place in early autumn. This will stimulate the plant to emit new branches the following spring.
A recommendation: always use clean and disinfected tools before doing any operation on the plants to avoid transmitting parasitic diseases.
The multiplication of the Clerodendrum occurs by seed, by cutting or by basal suckers.MULTIPLICATION BY SEEDS
It is sown in early spring (March), placing the seeds to a depth of about half a centimeter in a seed medium. To prevent any parasitic infections in the irrigation water, add a broad spectrum fungicide following the instructions on the package.
After having moistened evenly in the ground, close the tray or jar or with a glass plate or with a transparent plastic sheet that will have the double advantage of guaranteeing a constant temperature and not allowing the soil to dry too quickly.
Then take the tray and place it in an area of the house where the temperature is around 25 ° C (a sunny window sill is also fine).
Check the soil every day by removing the plastic sheet both to moisten it if necessary (it must always remain moist) and to remove the condensation that has formed in the plastic or glass.
When you start to see that the seeds have germinated, remove the plastic for good and wait for the young plants to grow stronger. After that you can transplant them into the final pot using the same precautions as if the plants were adults.
It should be remembered that plants born from seed may not be the same as the mother plant, as genetic variability takes over, therefore, if you want to obtain a particular specimen, it is preferable to multiply by parts of the mother plant.
MULTIPLICATION FOR TALEA
After flowering and by spring (March), cuttings about 10-15 cm long with some new leaves can be taken. They must be taken with an oblique cut that will allow to have a greater surface for the emission of the roots and will prevent water from accumulating on this surface and with a sharp knife to avoid fraying the tissues.
Remove the lower leaves and plant them in a soil made up of equal parts peat and sand.
Place the pots in an area where temperatures are around 16-18 ° C and keep the soil always moist by watering, taking care not to wet the cuttings.
When the first shoots begin to appear it means that the roots of the Clerodendrumsi have formed. At that point, wait for the cuttings to have strengthened (about two months after rooting the cuttings) and plant them in single pots as if they were adult plants and treat them as such.
FOR BASAL POLLONS
Plants can also be multiplied with the basal suckers that form at the base of the plant (e.g. C. bungei). In autumn or spring they can be detached from the mother plant by taking them with all the earth (do not bare the roots as they are plants that do not like this practice) and planting them in single pots.
PARASITES AND DISEASES
The plant has a stunted appearance and the leaves turn yellow and fall off
This symptom is often associated with excessive watering.
Remedies: Let the soil dry out and for the future follow the instructions given in the watering paragraph.
The leaves are dotted
Spotting in the leaves is often a symptom of an attack by the red spider mite mite as they are more often called. If you look with a magnifying glass, above the lower page of the leaf, you will notice both the moving shapes and the thin cobwebs.
Remedies: keep a humid environment around the plant as humidity inhibits its proliferation. In the event that the attack is particularly serious, it is necessary to intervene with specific acaricides that you can find either at specialized gardening centers or at agricultural consortia.
Infestation due to scale insects
Mealybugs are very annoying insects that can cause serious damage to the plant if neglected. They can be of two types: brown cochineal or floury cochineal (for more information, see the chapter dedicated to cochineals).
Remedies: they can be eliminated if the plant is small with a cotton swab moistened with denatured alcohol or, if the plant is in a pot, it can be washed with water and neutral soap by rubbing with a sponge, after which it should be rinsed to remove the soap. If the plant is large and planted outdoors, it is necessary to use specific insecticides that you can find in centers specialized in gardening or in agricultural consortia.
The name of the genus Clerodendrum comes from the Greek kleros «luck "anddendron «tree »to remember an ancient legend according to which these plants possessed medicinal properties and treated numerous ailments.
Special effects in our garden? The plants in particular periods of the year become the absolute protagonists of the garden assuming such a beauty as to draw attention to them.
What are the most suitable garden plants?
The most suitable plants for the garden are the shrubs and bushy plants which must be placed in a strategic position so that their shape or the lively color of the flowers are maximized. Here are some important steps.
The choice of soil is important in relation to its composition, acidity, fertility. The exposure, more or less sunny, should not be underestimated, and the amount of water that we will be able to give to the plants in the garden should also be considered.
If we choose a shrub, during growth it is good to carry out careful pruning and autumn shaping so that the shape is always compact and harmonizes with the rest of the garden. We always keep the area under the shrub clean, so that it does not become a refuge for different animals.
- If we choose a shaded area we must necessarily orient ourselves on plants that do not like exposures in full light. This is the case with the Rhododendron which also wants acidic soil and a moist environment.
- If we cannot devote much care to the garden, it is better to orient ourselves on the queen of flowers: the Rose. It is in fact the flowering garden plant par excellence: it has few needs, accepts both full sun and partial shade, but wants a clayey and compact soil.
- Also there Forsythia it does not create particular problems: it gives us beautiful flowers with an intense yellow color that develop in spring. The withered branches are eliminated with pruning.
- Spectacular with its feathery plumes it is the grass of the pampas. The feathery inflorescences can reach a height of 80 cm and remain throughout the autumn and are eliminated by pruning at the beginning of winter.
- There thuia is an evergreen garden plant that grows in any soil, preferably humid, in full sun. It is a plant suitable for large gardens to be placed in one or two close together specimens. The leaves range from shimmering green to silvery blue.
- Finally a loner Cypress it can be planted in the garden as a decorative element that creates some shade. Given the size that the plant reaches, it is best to place it in a large space.
9 Colorful autumn shrubs for a lively garden until winter
Some remembered for ornamental purposes, others even for their therapeutic properties, the varieties that nature offers in autumn can be truly among the most pleasant and curious. Between botany, legend and curiosity, here are 9 colorful autumn shrubs able to satisfy in terms of composition and uses.
The inflorescences of Calliandra haematocephala have numerous pink / red floscules from late autumn to spring.
A shrub of the Leguminosae family characterized by different ramifications that is striking for the shape of its very long pinnate or bipinnate evergreen leaves which makes it pleasantly ornamental and for the generally fuchsia color of its flowers, composed of hundreds of "petals" which look like real pins, but are actually the stamens. So we can define the Calliandra haematocephala, one of the 150 extant Calliandra species. This typology originates in Bolivia.
Flowering occurs during the summer with inflorescences that can reach up to 7 cm in width, from which the stamens that can take on even white or pink colors emerge. From September it is possible to better appreciate the colors.
One feature is the ability to attract birds and butterflies, given its equatorial and tropical origins. The area in which to store the plant must be only partially sunny.
Callicarpa bodinieri: the lilac flowers present in summer are followed by unusual purple berries.
There Callicarpa bodinieri it stands out from other plants for being a shrub that manages to give a beautiful effect at any time of the year, preferably between the end of summer and the beginning of autumn, a period in which it develops fruits similar to small bunches of grapes which remain even during the winter. Cultivating the Callicarpa does not require special attention as it tolerates every environment quite well, having good ability to adapt without requiring too much care.
The variety bodinieri it is characterized by a brown and not too wrinkled bark, on the contrary, tending to smooth, with ramifications that rise up to a maximum of 2 meters, enriched by oval and bicolor leaves, between green and pale yellow.
When spring comes the plant blooms with white, pink or red colors, while during the autumn period there is the appearance of small pink fruits that create a very pleasant and decorative scenic effect.
Clerodendrum bungei produces domed bouquets of fragrant red-purple or deep pink flowers between late summer and early autumn.
Assigning the adjective "splendid" to this flower is something well deserved. Of Chinese origin and shrub species, it can reach 250 cm in height, with very large leaves and slightly jagged edges, with an almost unique peculiarity: just rub them to make them emit a scent that not everyone likes. The summer flowering generates a unique and special effect: with the leaves around that act as a base, the flowers, numerous, grouped and not too large, seem to make up a pink bridal bouquet. There flowering ends around September-October, a period in which it is advisable to prune and minimize watering.
With the arrival of autumn, even late, the plant does not suffer as it keeps the low temperatures, also typical of winter, well.
Colquhounia coccinea with aromatic sage green leaves and scarlet or orange flower whorls in late summer and autumn.
The plant, a deciduous shrub of the Lamiaceae native to Asia, suffers from an excessively cold climate and stagnant water. For this reason, a well-drained and quite sunny soil is recommended, while in winter it is absolutely necessary to avoid frost. In general, apart from these requests, the shrub is undemanding and requires relatively low maintenance. With these precautions the Colquhounia coccinea it is ready to resume its cycle since spring, reaching heights between 1.5 and 3 meters. The foliage is oval of medium size and with slightly serrated edges with a green color that turns to very light gray, almost silvery (leaves of geometry and color similar to those of sage, at least in the lower part). The flowers can be orange and then gradually turn to a dark red color with small yellow inserts and grow in small groups in the autumn period.
Evergreen shrub that however is characterized by a change of leaves that occurs continuously throughout the year. The maximum height that can be reached is 3 meters, also favored by an upright shape of the stem, which is dark brown and not too large in diameter. The Pyracantha, however, do not have much order in growing even if on the whole they make up a beautiful intense and thick foliage, which fits well in the garden and in the flower beds as an ornament. However, not everything is gold that glitters, because the presence of sharp and long thorns corresponds to this beauty. The leaves have an oval and glossy dark green color. Characteristic are the flowers that the plant produces during the spring, which color the tree with small white dots. In fact, the flowering attracts small stars capable of giving off a great scent and this contributes to the call of many pollinating insects. The plant also produces gods small round fruits in clusters, reddish or yellow in color. There Pyracantha, in many of its species (for example the coccinea), can be used as an element for the formation of hedges. Precisely this variety, in Italian it is called agazzino.
Leonotis leonurus: semi-evergreen upright shrub with orange tubular flowers between autumn and winter.
This plant is commonly referred to as "Wild Dagga" or "Lion's tail"And belongs to the mint family, although aesthetically it has little to do with it. It is characterized by giving light psycho-active effects, as well as by lively and bright colors. Native to the southernmost part of the African continent, the Leonotis leonurus it was originally used by local tribes as a "drug" to relax the body from everyday stress, given the effects similar to those of cannabis. The use was also therapeutic to treat certain diseases and snake bites, but there was also a use as an exciting, especially if dried flowers were smoked.
It looks like an elongated shrub and, despite the effects, it is practically legal almost everywhere. Its main use is for ornamental purposes and its nectar production is able to attract birds and butterflies to itself.
Nymania capensis: evergreen shrub or small tree. In spring it produces pink / violet flowers, in autumn swollen red fruits with a paper consistency.
Rigid shrub that is characterized by having rather large dimensions and small pink fruits and brown seeds, spherical in shape and fleshy consistency. The maximum reachable height can be as much as 6 meters even if on average it does not exceed 3 meters, since it is not always possible to recreate the ideal conditions for growth and development. The leaf is very small but hard and in the shape of an ogive and is found on the bud, next to the flower, which is bright red.
Despite the great heights that the plant can reach, its growth is slow and progressive, to the point that it takes a few years for it to reach the height of a normal person. On the other hand, however, it can also live a long time, exceeding 25 years. They need little water, as typically happens in the African areas in which they originally developed, and know how to adapt to both hot and dry climates and cold ones, responding well to both sub-zero temperatures and over 40 ° C.
Bees and hornets have the task of pollinating the plant for development.
Euonymus europaeus produces few greenish flowers in early summer followed by splendid red fruits in autumn.
Belonging to the Celastraceae family, the shrub Euonymus europaeus (Fusaggine, Coral reefs, Priest hat) is typical of European deciduous forests. Although it can disfigure next to much taller plants, its height can still reach 8 meters, but it could also stop at 3 meters and the growth appears slow. The scarce flowering in early summer results in fruit during the autumn, making this shrub become very colorful and tinged with red (or dark pink). The fruits have a shape similar to a priest's hat (hence the nickname). The leaves are deciduous and also in autumn take on a very accentuated red color that transforms this plant into a very pleasant decorative element, also useful, in large parks or gardens, to compose a hedge.
They are very tolerant plants, whether they are placed in the city environment or also in marine areas, resisting pollution well is saltiness, but most of all they bear full sun. Adaptability is also demonstrated with the terrain, which can be of any type. There spindle (another name to identify this species), it is therefore demanding from the point of view of the space required for growth, but very simple in terms of cultivation, requiring very low maintenance.
It is configured as a shrub with an erect shape, capable of producing white flowers with a pleasant fragrance and pointed oval leaves that become dark green, and then change color in winter passing to purple. The fruits are red with a rounded shape. THE flowers can also tend to pink and come in small clusters. The plant can reach 1.80 m in height and is at ease in a drained land rich in natural elements, which is exposed to the sun or is not very shaded. The plant it blooms in late autumn and remains until spring, between November and May and those who wish to cultivate the Viburnum ferreri must allocate a minimum area of about one square meter. Belonging to the Caprifoliaceae family, the origin is from Northern China and the use is manifold, both for mixed floral compositions and to embellish flower beds.
Growing a Filipino slacker is quite simple, especially if you know the basic rules for planting and caring for him at home. As mentioned above, the bush is unpretentious, but there are some nuances that need to be taken into account, so that the plant grows quickly and blooms profusely.
To offer maximum comfort to the flower, in summer the air temperature in the room where it grows should be +19 ... +25 degrees. As for the winter period, there are some nuances here: if it is possible to arrange the backlight with fluorescent lamps, the temperature regime should be kept within the same limits, and if this is not possible, it is preferable that the room is colder, about +16… + 18 degrees. The fact is that due to the lack of light, the clerodendrum will not bloom in winter, and if the temperature is too hot, its shoots can grow rapidly, which does not have a very favorable effect on the appearance and health of the bush.
Daily spraying is one of the mandatory procedures for flower care, since dry air is completely unsuitable for culture. Spray the bushes must be defended by water at least once a day, in summer due to the heat, and in winter due to the fact that the heaters too dry the air in the room.
A sufficient amount of light is a pledge of abundant and prolonged flowering. Although the lighting should be a lot, sunlight should be avoided. Ideal would be to arrange Clerodendrum on the east or west window, if it is not possible, it can be landing on the south window sill, but provided that it will safely shelter from the scorching sun.
The planting substrate should be light and have moderate acidity. Ideally mix the leaf (2 parts), turf (2 parts), humus and peat soil (1 part) with sand (1 part). To avoid stagnation of moisture in the pot, it is necessary to lay drainage on the bottom.
Taking care of the plant is very simple, it all comes down to the usual procedures for every florist, such as irrigation, fertilization and pruning. If it is the right and correct time to meet all these minimum clerodendrum requirements, it will certainly thank you with its beauty and magnificent flowering
Water procedures must be performed regularly when the soil dries up. Water the bush abundantly, with standing water at room temperature. Provided that in winter the temperature in the room is kept in the range +18 ... + 25 degrees, irrigation is performed in exactly the same way. And if in winter the plant is grown in a colder room, the water procedures should be reduced.
The plant is very reactive to care, so it is advisable to fertilize it once every 2 weeks with complex fertilizers intended for indoor flowers.
At the beginning of spring it is recommended to cut the clerodendron shoots by 1/3, this is necessary for the plant to bite better and its flowering has been abundant. Lateral processes are also pruned to give the bush a neat appearance and to remove additional load, otherwise it may need to be supported.
Flower transplanted every year, this is due to the fact that it grows fast enough and becomes cramped. When transplanting into a more spacious pot, it must be taken into account that the roots of the plant are very fragile, so the best way is to transplant with an earthen coma. By moving the flower to a new container, you need to fill the void of the substrate and leave the flower in a warm, well-lit place. The most favorable time for the procedure is in early spring.
Strelitzia alba or Estrelicia blanca plant care
The genre Strelitzia belongs to the family Musaceae and includes about 4 species of evergreen plants native to the southern and subtropical regions of Africa. Some species are: Strelitzia alba (Strelitzia augusta), Strelitzia reginae (bird of paradise), Strelitzia nicolai, Strelitzia juncea.
It is known by the common names of Estrelicia blanca, Estrelitzia blanca or Estrelitzia augusta.
They are rhizomatous plants with an arboreal habit that can reach 10 meters in height. Its large collated leaves they are more than a meter long and have axillary flowers pinkish white in color, more than a palm long and similar in shape to those of Strelitzia reginae. They bloom in summer.
Estrelitzia blanca is an easy plant to grow which is used to form small groups or as a single specimen can be grown in large pots on terraces and patios.
Estrelitzia augusta requires exposure in direct sunlight or at least in very bright and warm temperatures because it does not tolerate frost.
Good soil for these plants it would be a mixture of garden soil to which peat, sand, manure and leaf litter would be added. If it's in a jar, we can transplant it every 3 years in spring.
Le innaffiature devono essere abbondanti e frequenti (in attesa che la superficie si asciughi tra un’innaffiatura e l’altra) in modo che il terreno trattenga un certo grado di umidità.
Concimare con un concime minerale organico che coincide con la concimazione annuale del giardino.
Non hanno bisogno di dimensioni ma è conveniente rimuovere le vecchie foglie.
Si tratta di una pianta abbastanza resistente a parassiti e malattie.
È possibile moltiplicare dai germogli che la pianta produce alla base e posizionare le radici come talee.
Clerodendrum - Clerodendro - Musaceae - Come curare e coltivare le piante di Clerodendrum
Di seguito presentiamo, in ordine decrescente per potenziale mellifero su ettaro, alcune delle piante più interessanti.
I dati sono da interpretare come nome comune, nome scientifico, famiglia, kg teorici per ettaro di miele prodotto, (per le prime 15 anche specie, terreno, clima/altitudine, fioritura).
Albero del miele, Evodia daniellii, Rutacee, 2500, albero, sabbioso argilloso, europeo/fino a 1400 slm, giugno-settempbre
scropularia nodosa, Scrophularia nodosa, Scrophulariaceae, 2350, arbusto perenne, umidi obreggiati (lungo i fiumi), giugno-settempbre
Menta acquatica, Mentha aquatica, Labiatae, 1330, erbacea perenne, terreni da leggermente acidi a calcarei e torbosi, fino a 1200 slm, giugno-ottobre
Agastache, Agastache foeniculum, Labiatae, 1300, erbacea perenne, sfavorita dai troppo acidi, dal centro al nord America (anche Canada),maggio-ottobre
Camedrio scordio, Teucrium scordium, Labiatae, 1300, erbacea perenne, calcarei acquitrinosi, fino a 1500m, giugno settembre.
Camedrio montano, Teucrium montanum, Labiatae, 1300, arbustiva perenne, arido calcareo, fino a 2100m presente in tutta Italia, maggio-agosto
Facelia, Phacelia tanacetifolia, Hydrophyllaceae, 1250, erbacea ann. (autosemina), sciolti e asciutti, muore a -8 fiorisce70 g dalla semina o da giornate con minime di 5°
Echinops, Echinops sphaerocephalus, Asteroideae, 1100, erbacea perenne, calcareo basico, collinare fino a 200 slm, luglio-settembre
scrofularia canina, Scrophularia canina, Scrophulariaceae, 1100, erbacea perenne, roccioso calcareo asciutto, fino a 1500 slm, aprile-settembre
scropularia ombrosa, Scrophularia umbrosa, Scrophulariaceae, 1100, erbacea perenne, acquitrinoso, fino a 800 slm, giugno-settembre
calcatreppolo palmatum, Eryngium palmatum, Apiaceae 1000, erbacea perenne, (potere antisettico e antiossidante), tutti i terreni anche semi aridi e pietrosi,fino a -15°, fioritura tardiva settembre-ottobre
tiglio, tilia platyphyllos, Tiliacee, 1000, abero latifoglie, Preferisce terreni freschi drenati e profondi, neutri o sub-alcalina, teme pH acido in profondità, teme freddo intenso e siccità prolungata, 1200 m al Nord, 1600 m in Sicilia, giugno
maggiorana, Origanum majorana, Labiatae, 970, erbacea perenne (ma con il freddo invernale diventa annuale), tutti i terreni meglio alcalini sciolti e con sostanza organica, max 1000m slm, luglio e settembre
verga d'oro, Solidago Virgaurea, Asteroideae, 900, erbacea perenne, terreno sciolto e siliceo, max 2000m slm, luglio-ottobre
Fiordaliso dei pascoli, Centaurea stoebe, Asteraceae, 885, erbacea perenne (potenzialmente incìvasiva), calcareo o siliceo pH neutro, medi valori nutrizionali, arido, 1500m slm, giugno-luglio.
Fiordaliso vedovino Centaurea scabiosa Asteraceae 880
albero del tulipano Liriodendrum tulipifera Magnoliaceae 800
paulovnia Paulownia tomentosa Scrophulariaceae 800
Scardaccione Dipsacus fullonum Caprifoliaceae 770
impatiens Impatiens glandulifera Balsaminacee 750
trifoglio risupinato Trifolium risupinato Fabaceae 750
falsa ortica bianca Lamium album Labiatae 725
Robinia del Giappone Sophora japonica Fabaceae 700
meliloto bianco Melilotus alba Fabaceae 640
rosmarino Rosmarinus officinalis Labiatae 625
borragine Borago officinalis Boraginaceae 600
clerodendro Clerodendrum thrichotonum Verbenaceae 600
epilobio maggiore Epilobium angustifolium Onagraceae 600
edera Hedera helix Araliaceae 600
sulla Hedysarum coronarium Fabaceae 600
Falsa ortica reniforme Lamium amplexicaule Labiatae 600
cardiaca Leonurus cardiaca Labiatae 600
enagra comune Oenotera biennis Onagraceae 600
pitosfoto Pittosporum tobira Pittosporaceae 600
agno casto Vitex agnus-castus Verbenaceae 600
Erba bambagia Asclepias syriaca Asclepiadaceae 580
sparviere Hieracium autumnale Asteraceae 560
calcatreppolo planun Eryngium planum Apiaceae 550
Sedano di montagna Levisticum officinale Apiaceae 550
calcatreppolo gigante Eryngium giganteum Apiaceae 520
acero campestre Acer campestre Aceraceae 500
acero riccio acer platanoides Aceraceae 500
acero montano acer pseudoplatanus Aceraceae 500
acero argento acer saccharinum Aceraceae 500
buglossa Anchusa officinalis Boraginaceae 500
Cinderella Asclepias incarnata Asclepiadaceae 500
asfodelo Asphodelus spp. Liliaceae 500
cariopteris Caryopteris clandonensis Verbenaceae 500
catalpa Catalpa bignonioides Bignoniacee 500
vescicaria Colutea arborescens Fabaceae 500
Corniolo corallo Cornus alba Cornaceae 500
corniolo Cornus mas Cornaceae 500
sanguinella Cornus sanguinea Cornaceae 500
Albero della nebbia Cotinus coggygrya Anacardiaceae 500
dragocefalo Dracocephalus moldavica Labiatae 500
erba viperina Echium vulgare Boraginaceae 500
grano saraceno Fagopyrum esculentum Polygonaceae 500
malva arborea Lavatera arborea Malvaceae 500
malva Malva silvestris Malvaceae 500
mentastro Mentha longifolia Labiatae 500
Banano Musa x paradisiaca Musaceae 500
lupinella Onobrychis viciifolia Fabaceae 500
sommacco maggiore Rhus typhina Anacardiaceae 500
ribes Ribes rubrum Grossulariacee 500
uva spina Ribes uva crispa Grossulariacee 500
robinia Robinia pseudacacia Fabaceae 500
pianta delle perle Synforicarpos rivularis Caprifoliaceae 500
tecoma Tecoma radins juss Bignoniacee 500
fiore delle api Teucrium fruticans Labiatae 500
timo Thymus vulgaris Labiatae 500
centaurea Centaruea cyanus Asteroideae 450
fiordaliso Centaurea jacea Asteroideae 450
issopo Hissopus officinalis Labiatae 450
ruta Ruta graveolens Rutacee 450
lacrima di giobbe Stphilea pinnata Staphyleaceae 450
Acacia di costantinopoli Albizia julibrissin Fabaceae 400
astragalo Astragalus glycyphyllos Fabaceae 400
Citiso peloso Camaecytusus hirsuto Fabaceae 400
Fior di campana Campanula media Campanulacee 400
Raperonzolo Campanula rapunculus Campanulacee 400
castagno Castanea sativa Fagaceae 400
emero centroeuropeo Coronillia emerus Fabaceae 400
biancospino Crataegus monogyna Rosaceae 400
marrobbio Marrubium vulgare Labiatae 400
origano Origanum vulgare Labiatae 400
marruca Paliurus spina-christi Rhamnaceae 400
santoreggia Santureja hortensis Labiatae 400
Fagiolo Phaseolus multiflorus Fabaceae 320
cestro Cestrum parqui Solanacee 300
Trifoglino irsuto Dorycnyum hirsutus Fabaceae 300
evodia Evodia velutina rehd Rutacee 300
erba cedrina Lippia tryphylla Verbenaceae 300
angelica arcangelica Angelica archangelica Apiaceae 250
angelica Angelica sylvestris Apiaceae 250
coriandolo Coriandrum sativum Apiaceae 250
vite del canada Parthenocissus quinquefolia Vitaceae 250
Salvia de boschi Salvia glutinosa Labiatae 240
Caradonna Salvia nemorosa Labiatae 240
malvone Alcea rosea Malvaceae 200
dattero di trebisonda Elaegnus angustifolia Elaeagnaceae 200
eucalipto Eucalyptus spp. Mirtaceae 200
frangola Frangula alnus Rhamnaceae 200
agrifoglio Ilex Aquifolium Aquifoliaceae 200
Sofora Indigofera dosua Fabaceae 200
falsa ortica gialla Lamiastrum galeobdolon Labiatae 200
lauroceraso Prunus laurocerasus Rosaceae 200
salice Salix spp. Salicaceae 200
salvia Salvia officinalis Labiatae 200
Serenella Syringa vulgaris Oleaceae 200
Tarassaco Taraxacum officinale Asteroideae 200
trifiglio bianco Trifolium repens Fabaceae 200
dolcimele Lamium maculatum Labiatae 190
Malva mauritiana Malva maurytiana Malvaceae 186
prunella Prunella vulgaris Labiatae 180
erba moscatella Salvia sclarea Labiatae 175
Cipolla Allium cepa Liliaceae 170
erba medica Medicago sativa Fabaceae 170
erba serpentina Polygonum bistorta Polygonaceae 170
erba vellutina Cynoglossum officinale Boraginaceae 160
Salcerella Lytrum salicaria Lythraceae 160
trifoglio alessandrino Trifolium alessandrino Fabaceae 160
trifoglio incarnato Trifolium incarnatum Fabaceae 160
lavanda e lavandino Lavandula spp. Labiatae 150
ligustro Ligustrum Vulgare Oleaceae 150
rovo Rubus fruticosus Rosaceae 150
lampone Rubus idaeus Rosaceae 150
astro Aster Asteroideae 125
colza Brassica napus spp oleifera Brassicacee 125
Altea Althaea officinalis Malvaceae 110
trigonella Trigonella foenum-grecum Fabaceae 110
arancio del messico Choisya ternata Rutacee 100
Spino di Giuda Gleditsia tricanthos Fabaceae 100
aglio orsino Allium ursinum Liliaceae 80
erba roberta Geranium robertianum Geraniaceae 80
rododendro Rhododendron spp. Ericaceae 75
mirtillo Vaccinium spp. Ericaceae 75
rosmarino selvatico Ledum groenlandicum Ericaceae 65
Caprifoglio Lonicera japonica Caprifoliaceae 60
trifoglio pratense Trifolium pratense Fabaceae 60
fava Vicia faba Fabaceae 60
bugola Ajuga reptans Labiatae 50
agrumi Citrus spp. Rutacee 50
girasole Helianthus annuus Asteroideae 50
ciliegio Prunus avium Rosaceae 50
pesco Prunus persica Rosaceae 50
Polmonaria Pulmonaria officinalis Boraginaceae 50
salice da ceste salix triandra Salicaceae 50
erica arborea Erica arborea Ericaceae 40
erica Erica carnea Ericaceae 40
ciliegio canino prunus mahaleb Rosaceae 40
salice bianco salix alba Salicaceae 40
salice grigio salix cinerea Salicaceae 40
salice eleagno salix eleagnus Salicaceae 40
salice purpurea salix purpurea Salicaceae 40
ginestrino Lotus corniculatus Fabaceae 37
brugo Calluna vulgaris Ericaceae 30
panace Heracleum Sphondilium Apiaceae 30
veccia Vicia spp. Fabaceae 30
prugnolo Prunus spinosa Rosaceae 20
sorbo montano sorbus aria Rosaceae 14
sorbo uccellatori sorbus aucuparia Rosaceae 14
Coltivazione di piante carnivore
Le piante carnivore più comuni per il giardiniere per hobby sono principalmente piante palustri. Richiedono un’umidità elevata e costante. Le piante carnivore hanno bisogno di terreni acidi, che vengono facilmente forniti con muschio di torba di sfagno al centro del vaso. Le piante carnivore si comportano bene in un terrario, il che aiuta a conservare l’umidità.
A loro piace anche la luce del sole, che può provenire da una finestra o essere fornita artificialmente. Gli habitat delle piante carnivore hanno temperature da moderate a calde. Le temperature diurne di 70-75°F (21-24°C) e notturne di 55°F (13°C) offrono condizioni di crescita ideali.
Inoltre, dovrete fornire alle piante insetti o dare loro una diluizione di fertilizzante per pesci ogni due settimane durante la stagione di crescita.